Calumet & Hecla Mine

The greatest copper mine in the Copper Country (and probably the world) was born from pure happenstance. While surveying the military road running between Fort Wilkins at Copper Harbor and Fort Atkinson in central Wisconsin, a man by the name of Hulbert stumbled across a peculiar find. It was an ancient Indian storage pit, left by native miners from Isle Royale. The pit was filled to the brim with a copper treasure, and prompted Hulbert to secure the land around it. Purely by chance, those ancient miners placed their copper storage pit directly atop the great Calumet Conglomerate lode, which it didn’t take Hulbert long to discover. The Calumet Mine was born.

Just to the south of the Calumet Mine a second mine opened on the same lode – the Hecla Mine. The lode proved just as productive as the Calumet to the north, and soon the two mines (along with two other minor mines) combined to form the Calumet and Hecla Mining Company. Though now one mine, the two parts of C&H regained their original identity. North of Red Jacket Road were shafts of the old Calumet Mine (labeled Calumet #1-5), and south of the road sat the shafts of the old Hecla Mine (labeled Hecla #1-8).”

Calumet & Hecla Mine

Industrial Core

looking across the industrial core in Calumet Sandwiched between the towns of Red Jacket (later Calumet) and Laurium was an…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

A Hecla Shaft

remains of a Hecla Mine The greatest copper mine in the Copper Country (and probably the world) was born from…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

Another Hecla Shaft

the newly updated No. 6 (larger building on the right) and old headframe for No. 7 (bottom middle) along Mine…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

Found Along the Road

looking down Mine Street towards the north, and the industrial complex of the late C&H Mine Street was the center…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

From Engine to Shaft

a structure designed to divert power from the steam engine to the shaft While many mines across the Copper Country…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

A South Hecla Hoist

in the shadow of Osceola #13, lies the shafts of South Hecla Since passing Hecla No. 8, we had officially…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

Yet Another Mystery

Before we leave the Hecla and South Hecla Mine, I would like to share one last mystery in a long…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

Finding 27 Holes in the Ground

As I have mentioned numerous times here at CCE, the best Copper Country History resource on-line is by far the…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

The Removal of the Osceola #13 Hoist

Over at the Copper Country Forums long-time reader Jay had shared a rumor he had heard about the removal of…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

Re-alignments

The old C&H blacksmith shop along the Hecla surface plant In the previous series I made an observation about the…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

Calumet No.3

Here’s a look at the Calumet No.3 shaft, or at least a part of it. It’s been capped in concrete,…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

A Dry Built of Sandstone

During my work with the Keweenaw Heritage Center in preparation for next year’s sandstone exhibit we had noted an odd…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

In the Unlikeliest of Places

It sits alone and secluded within a vast sea of asphalt and concrete, a sprawling parking lot serving serving Calumet’s…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

Behind a White Birch Veil

The great Calumet/Laurium metropolis is cut down its center by a swath of abandoned land a half mile wide. Within…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

A Superior Boiler House

The great Calumet and Hecla Mine was a monster. Its immense copper riches lying under its feet exceeded over 900 million pounds,…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

Where Drills Are Made and Curling is Played

The Superior Boiler House was just one dozens of industrial structures that once lined both sides of Mine Street, an…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

The C&H Dry House

Standing in the shadow of the C&H Drill Shop is another rubble rock structure – this one a squat and…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

A House of Many Names

Leaving the old drill and dry houses behind, our gaze turns southward across the sprawling parking lot of the neighboring schools.…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

The Transformer House

In its early years C&H’s use of electricity was extremely limited. For the most part the novel new power source…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

A Place For Everything…

A company of the size and scope of C&H required an incredible amount of resources each and every day. These…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

…and Everything in its Place

The C&H Mine was an entity that existed for nearly a century, its size and scope ebbing and flowing through…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

A Building of Massive Proportions

As practiced by the companies of the great Copper Empire, mining was a heavily industrialized operation of both massive scope…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

The Shops of Shop Street

Both the massive bulk of C&H’s machine shop and its No.1 warehouse stand tall along Mine Street, an avenue so…
Calumet & Hecla Mine

Little Houses on the Industrial Prairie

As Shop Street fades away along the outskirts of newly built 6th Street Extension the industrial corridor accompanying that road…