• Industrial Core

    Industrial Core

    looking across the industrial core in Calumet Sandwiched between the towns of Red Jacket (later Calumet) and Laurium was an immense industrial corridor stretching over a mile from the north side of Re...

  • Found Along the Road

    Found Along the Road

    looking down Mine Street towards the north, and the industrial complex of the late C&H Mine Street was the center of the universe for over a century in the Copper Country, for along its length sa...

  • A Dry Built of Sandstone

    A Dry Built of Sandstone

    During my work with the Keweenaw Heritage Center in preparation for next year’s sandstone exhibit we had noted an odd lack of the red stone when it came to the buildings erected by C&H for ...

  • Hecla Mine Ruins

Calumet & Hecla Mine

“The greatest copper mine in the Copper Country (and probably the world) was born from pure happenstance. While surveying the military road running between Fort Wilkins at Copper Harbor and Fort Atkinson in central Wisconsin, a man by the name of Hulbert stumbled across a peculiar find. It was an ancient Indian storage pit, left by native miners from Isle Royale. The pit was filled to the brim with a copper treasure, and prompted Hulbert to secure the land around it. Purely by chance, those ancient miners placed their copper storage pit directly atop the great Calumet Conglomerate lode, which it didn’t take Hulbert long to discover. The Calumet Mine was born.

Just to the south of the Calumet Mine a second mine opened on the same lode – the Hecla Mine. The lode proved just as productive as the Calumet to the north, and soon the two mines (along with two other minor mines) combined to form the Calumet and Hecla Mining Company. Though now one mine, the two parts of C&H regained their original identity. North of Red Jacket Road were shafts of the old Calumet Mine (labeled Calumet #1-5), and south of the road sat the shafts of the old Hecla Mine (labeled Hecla #1-8).”

A South Hecla Hoist

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in the shadow of Osceola #13, lies the shafts of South Hecla Since passing Hecla No. 8, we had officially crossed from the Hecla Mine to the South Hecla Mine. Here were the last four shafts along the Calumet Conglomerate ... More »

From Engine to Shaft

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a structure designed to divert power from the steam engine to the shaft While many mines across the Copper Country held to the same standard of pairing one hoist to one shaft, C&H took a different approach. Instead of scattering ... More »

A Hecla Shaft

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remains of a Hecla Mine The greatest copper mine in the Copper Country (and probably the world) was born from pure happenstance. While surveying the military road running between Fort Wilkins at Copper Harbor and Fort Atkinson in central Wisconsin, ... More »

Industrial Core

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looking across the industrial core in Calumet Sandwiched between the towns of Red Jacket (later Calumet) and Laurium was an immense industrial corridor stretching over a mile from the north side of Red Jacket as far south as Osceola. This ... More »