Shafthouses have their starts long before the idea of a rockhouse was even born, serving as simple structures designed primarily to cover the shaft and protect it from the elements. As the simple chains and kibbles of old were replaced by skips and skip roads that covering became even more important as a great many more things began taking place within its confines. Now tools, machines, timbers, and other pieces of equipment were loaded into and out of those skips, and once man-cars were added to the mix people began coming and going through the shafthouse as well. As a result the shafthouse grew in size and scope, its capabilities expanded to include rock handling as the masterpiece that is the Quincy No.2 combination shaft and rockhouse was born.The division between the structure’s rockhouse and shafthouse portions is readily apparent – the towering front side housing the rockhouse while the shafthouse resides in the squat rear end seen off to the right. The shaft itself sits just to the left of that open doorway – just below the third window from the right. While the rockhouse portion of the building is strictly off-limits to visitors, tourists can easily take a peek inside of the shafthouse portion by stepping inside that doorway and taking a look for themselves. That glimpse inside would look something like this – another 1960s shot courtesy of our government commissioned photographer Jet Lowe. The most prominent item in the room is the skip road – a pair of rail lines heading up from the shaft at a 55º angle. Along these rail lines would have ran the skips themselves, pulled up the rails by attached hoisting cables. A trio of dump points found along the way allowed those skips to be tipped in order to empty their contents onto one of the three main levels of the rockhouse. The first dump – seen just above the shack seen on the right – was for skips carrying tools, equipment or large pieces of mass copper. The second dump seen at the very top of the photo was for poor rock, while a third dump even further up into the structure’s rafters was for any copper bearing rock – rock which would make its way into the rockhouse level of the structure we’ve explored previously. Here’s another look, though this time from back when the shafthouse was still in use. In this shot a group of rescue workers is about to head down into the shaft after its 1927 fire to inspect the damage. Here a mancar sits atop the skip road, a car used to carry not rock but men down into the shaft. The skip that would have normally resided in its place hangs off to the left – supported by one of six cranes mounted to the building’s outer frame. Those cranes could be swung out over the skip road to assist in removing and installing skips or mancars. During this process the hoisting cable attached to the cars would have to first be removed, then supported by a cable anchor while the car was being moved. Those cable anchors were found further up the skip road – their importance awarding them a level of their own. Here’s a look at that level as it appears today. The wood frame of the skip road can be seen off to the right, and centered within the picture can be seen the two cable anchors in question. These were used to hold the cables in place while the skip or mancar was being removed from the skip road. Between them looks to be a manual winch, which I suppose was used to pull the cables down here if they came loose for any reason. The stairs going down in the background head down to the shaft level, while the ones going up take workers up to the rockhouse level. The doorway seen just in front of those upward heading stairs would have taken workers down a shorter flight of stairs to the poor rock level sitting just off to the right. That cable anchor level sits half a floor up from the rockhouse level, both of which are outlined along the building’s outside facade in the image above. The levels are further marked by windows, one illuminating the cable anchor floor and another pair giving light to the poor rock level. Below those floors is the poor rock rail spur – marked with a wide opening piercing the structure’s base. The shaft would sit off to the left – with the rest of the steel-sheathed building seen on that end belonging to the structure’s shafthouse portion.
Staying outside, we head off in that direction to see what else can be noted along the outside of the shafthouse.Before we get far, however, our attention is diverted by an old poor rock foundation protruding its way out of the shafthouse’s west facade. As the poor rock would suggest, this is a leftover from the No.2’s shaft/rockhouse’s previous incarnation – the multi-facaded wood framed monstrosity built atop the shaft in the 1890s. This particular portion of the building housed its steam engine, which explains the rather robust foundation still seen at the site today. When the current shaft/rockhouse was built, that steam engine was moved up into the new building’s rockhouse level, leaving this foundation without purpose. For a time its wood superstructure was kept intact and the building used for storage, but eventually it was demolished leaving behind just the foundation – too robust to be taken out cheaply. At some point later in the shafthouse’s life two additions were added to its north end – a pair of steel-sheathed sheds set on either side of the main structure. They appear to have been added at different times, as this one looks to be simply placed atop the ground while on the opposite side a more robust concrete foundation can be found. Also found at the opposite end is this impressive looking door – its position on this side of the building possibly indicitive to it being a main entrance door used by workers on their way down to the underground. More openings and doorways can be found at the end of the shafthouse. While the small doorway is no doubt meant for people, the larger double-door opening seen just to its left is for something else entirely. Through those doors would have been transported skips or mancars, either on their way out to be repaired or on their way in after being worked on. Making that task easier were a pair of tracks making their way through those doors as well. Outside those tracks were supported by wood timbers and cross ties – remnants of which can still be seen partially buried in the ground today. Inside the tracks were simply embedded into the concrete floor of the shafthouse, making their way up to the shaft itself. The large iron-lined concrete walls found on either side of the tracks were most likely there to protect the doors and the building from damage in case the skips or man cars jumped the tracks on the way through the doors. With nothing much else to see along the shafthouse end of the structure we step back and take a wider view of the No.2 in all its glory. The Quincy No.2 is an iconic structure, its prominent position overlooking the Portage Valley and alongside US41 puts it in view of anyone visiting the Copper Country. For most people, however, the building is simply the Quincy Shafthouse – only hinting at its actual importance. Yet there is far more to this towering structure then a simple covering for a shaft. Peel away that outside coat and you find something else entirely… Peeling back that shiny steel overcoat reveals a great technological evolution hiding away underneath. Inside lies an industrial cacophony of chutes, bins, and crushers – an assembly line of rock production whose purpose is to sort and categorize any rock leaving the mine and send it on to its next destination. While other mines would end up utilizing similar methods, the Quincy No.2 is the best and the brightest of them all. It represents the the apex of Copper Country mining technology and methodology, an embodiment of a century’s worth of mining experience and knowledge. Its an impressive structure to view first hand, even more impressive once you know what lies inside.
Be sure to check out the other parts in this series: